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North American Approval

North American Approval is a requirement to enable products to be sold in the USA and/or Canada. The requirements stem from the National Electrical Code (NEC), which outlines the US requirements and the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC), which outlines the Canadian requirements.

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Constance White
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Quality Assurance for Manufacturers of Hazardous Area Equipment (QAN & QAR)- 1134x300

Following Certification quarterly product inspections are required to be carried out at the manufacturing site to ensure the product being manufactured complies with the Certificate issued.

 

The requirements for North American Approval are generally split into two areas, Hazardous Locations and Ordinary Locations.

Hazardous Location can be further split down into two systems, the Division System and the Zone System.

The Class/Division/Group system is based on Article 500 of the National Electrical Code (NEC) and rules J18-000 to J18-072 of the Canadian Electrical code (CEC) where

  • Classes - defines the generalnature of the hazardous material in the surrounding atmosphere
  • Divisions - defines the probability of hazardous material being present the surrounding atmosphere
  • Groups - defines the type of the hazardous material in the surrounding atmosphere

The Zone system is based on Article 505/506 of the National Electrical Code (NEC) and Rules 18-000 to 10-074 of the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC), which follows the international method of area classification as developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

  • Zones - defines the general nature(orproperties) of the hazardous material - if its gas or dust, and the probability of the hazardous material in the surrounding atmosphere
  • Groups - defines the type of the hazardous material and (partly) the location of the surrounding atmosphere

Relevant Directives / Schemes

NFPA 70: National Electrical Code (NEC)

 

Canadian Electrical Code (CEC)

Basic Technical Concepts

Hazardous Areas defined in terms of Class and Divisions depending on the protentional ignition source and expected frequency and duration of an explosive atmosphere being present.

 

Class I

Locations in which flammable vapours and gases may be present

Class II

Locations in which combustible dust may be found

Class III

Locations in which are hazardous because of the presence of easily ignitable fibres or flying’s.

 

Division 1

In which ignitable concentrations of hazards exists under normal operation conditions and/or

where hazard is caused by frequent maintenance or repair work or frequent equipment failure.

Division 2

In which ignitable concentrations of hazards are handled, processed or used, but which are

normally in closed containers or closed systems from which they can only escape through

accidental rupture or breakdown of such containers or systems.

 

In addition to Divisions, Hazardous Areas are further subdivided by Gas or Dust Groups depending on the explosion properties of the gas or dust and Temperature Classes depending on the auto-ignition temperature of the explosive atmosphere

 

Gas or Dust Group

Representative Gas or Dust

A

Acetylene

B

Hydrogen

C

Ethylene

D

Propane

E

Metal dust

F

Coal dust

G

Grain dust

 

Surface Temperature °C

Equipment Temperature Class

< 450°C

T1

< 300°C

T2

< 280°C

T2A

< 260°C

T2B

< 230°C

T2C

< 215°C

T2D

< 200°C

T3

< 180°C

T3A

< 165°C

T3B

< 160°C

T3C

< 135°C

T4

< 120°C

T4A

< 100°C

T5

< 85°C

T6

 

Hazardous Areas are defined in terms of Zones and Safe Areas depending on the expected frequency and duration of an explosive atmosphere being present.

 

Zone 0

An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is present continuously or for long periods or frequently.

Zone 1

An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is likely to occur periodically or occasionally in normal operation.

Zone 2

An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is not likely to occur in normal operation, but if it does occur, it will exist for a short period only.

Zone 20

An area in which an explosive dust atmosphere, in the form of a cloud of dust in air, is present continuously, or for long periods or frequently.

Zone 21

An area in which an explosive dust atmosphere, in the form of a cloud of dust in air, is likely to occur in normal operation occasionally.

Zone 22

An area in which an explosive dust atmosphere, in the form of a cloud of dust in air, is not likely to occur in normal operation but, if it does occur, will persist for a short period only.

Safe or Non-Hazardous Area

An area in which an explosive gas, or dust atmosphere is not expected to be present in quantities such as to require special precautions for the construction, installation and use of equipment.

 

In addition to Zones, Hazardous Areas are further subdivided by Gas or Dust Groups depending on the explosion properties of the gas or dust and Temperature Classes depending on the auto-ignition temperature of the explosive atmosphere.

Gas or Dust Group

Representative Gas or Dust

I (mines susceptible to firedamp)

Methane

IIA

Propane

IIB

Ethylene

IIC

Acetylene & Hydrogen

IIIA

Ignitable fibres/flyings, such as cotton lint, flax & rayon

IIIB

Non-conductive dusts, such as flour, grain, wood & plastic

IIIC

Conductive dusts, such as magnesium

 

Surface Temperature °C

Equipment Temperature Class

< 450°C

T1

< 300°C

T2

< 200°C

T3

< 135°C

T4

< 100°C

T5

< 85°C

T6

 

Standards

The standards required for North American Approval is dependant on what type of marking you require (i.e. Divisions or Zones for Canada and/or the US). But it is important to remember that Oridinary Location standards will always need to be applied:

 

·        For Canada Divisions Approval the CSA C22.2 Series Standards and for US Division Approval ANSI/UL or ANSI/ISA or FM Standards are General used.

·        For Canada Zone Approval, the CSA C22.2 60079 Series Standards and for and US Zone Approval ANSI/UL or ANSI/ISA 60079 Series Standards are general used.

o   This can be further simplified if you already have an existing ATEX or IECEx Certification with valid ExTR’s. If this is the case, then only the National Deviations between the standards need to be applied.

·        In all cases the relevant Ordinary Location standards, generally CSA 61010 for Canada Approvals and ANSI/UL or ANSI/ISA 61010 for US Approval.

 

What Services Do We Offer?

We offer a full scope of evaluation, testing and certification services for both Division and Zone North American Approval, through our partnership with QPS, a Nationally Recognised Test Laboratory by SCC and OSHA. In addition, DNV GL can supply pre-evaluation services to assist our customers with gap assessment or understanding of the technical and compliance requirements prior to undertaking an approval project.